Sunday, April 19, 2020


Via Giovanni Giolitti 409

Built in the fourth century AD
Grandiose structure maybe formerly part of the HORTI LICINIANI (Gardens of Licinius) of the emperor Licinius Gallienus (253/268) according to Filippo Coarelli

According to Federico Guidobaldi it was rebuilt for Constantine (306/337) with bricks marked with dates of the time of Maxentius (306/312) and used for the private sector of Costantine’s PALATIUM SESSORIANUM, the large urban residence of Constantine and his family

Unusual plan with ten sides and a diameter of 25 m (82 feet)
The polygonal-shaped DOME gradually assumes an hemispheric aspect 
Is often mistakenly considered a nympheum or a fountain

Among the statues found here:

A “Minerva with serpent” called “Athena Giustiniani” now in the Vatican Museums that gave the arbitrary name to the building
“Two judges in place to launch a small sack to start the races in the circus”, “Statue of dancing satyr” and “Statue of Dionysus with a panther” now on display at the Centrale Montemartini, together with the mosaic “Hunting Scenes” found in the vicinity and in part still incredibly buried under rail tracks

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