Thursday, November 20, 2014


Galleria delle Statue

Two-thirds derived from the Palace of Innocent VIII Cybo (1484/92) of about 1487 by Giacomo da Pietrasanta, and one-third built for Pius VI Braschi (1775/99)

“Traces of decorations” on the walls originally made by artists of the school of Bernardino di Betto aka Pinturicchio (1454/1513)

Front half of the vault frescoed with “Round and fake carvings in grisaille style” (a method of painting in gray monochrome, typically to imitate sculpture) by Cristoforo Unterberger (1732/98) from Trent at the time of Pius VI in imitation of the old half

Unterberger directed the work for the copying of the Raphael's Loggias in the Great Hermitage in St. Petersburg for Empress Catherine II

“Eros from Centocelle” or Genius of the Vatican, more likely to be a statue of Thanatos (the god impersonating death) from an original of the fourth century BC
“Athlete” with head not relevant by an artist of the school of Polykleitos of Argos (about 490/425 BC)
“Bust of a marine merman or centaur” Hellenistic art of the second century BC
So-called “Penelope” seated, in Severe style of sepulchral image with head not relevant
Voluptuous and languid “Apollo Sauroctonus” (lizard killer) from the bronze original of the fourth century BC by Praxiteles (about 395/326 BC)

“It represented probably Apollo Alexikakos, freer from disease, the latter symbolized by the little lizard on the trunk. As in his other works, the leaning of the figure on an external element allows for a rotation that highlights the suppleness of the body, accentuating the grace. Knowing how to capture a moment of special grace, apparently secondary in the performance of the myth, in a natural setting, is one of the main features of Praxiteles” (Giorgio Bejor)

“Amazon” from Villa Mattei, maybe from an original by Phidias (about 490/430 BC). It is badly restored, and the head is not relevant
“Muse” badly restored from Tivoli. It is part of the same number of her 'colleagues' in the Hall of the Muses
“Posidippus”, comic poet of the third century BC, and maybe “Menander or Plautus” Roman copies of Greek statues coming from the so-called Area Candidi in Via Cesare Balbo

“Apollo Citharoedus” (playing the harp) with eyes still painted, maybe Peloponnesian art of the beginning of the fifth century BC
“Opellius Macrinus” (217/218), the only authentic portrait of the Emperor who maybe killed Caracalla
“Aesculapius and Hygeia” in Hellenistic style from Palestrina
“Fragment of a group of two Niobids” from an original of the second century BC
“Satyr at rest (Anapauòmenos)” from the original of about 340 BC by Praxiteles

At the center “Sleeping Ariadne” from an original of the second century BC
At the sides the two extraordinary “Barberini Candelabra” of the second century AD from Villa Adriana: in the one on the right relief with “Mars, Minerva and Venus” in the one on the left “Jupiter, Juno and Mercury”
“Hermes Ingenui” (Innocent) of the second century BC maybe so called because the name of the sculptor was Ingenui

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