Sunday, February 8, 2015


Section I
3 “Tree with nests” largely restored in 1700, from an original of the Hellenistic production

18 “Statuette of a child playing with a walnut” from a Hellenistic original of the third century BC found in 1784 in the village Acquatraversa on the Via Cassia
The head is modern. Ancient sources and illustrations show that the games with walnuts were very popular in antiquity

26 “Gigantic toe of a right foot” found in early 1880 near the Colosseum
It has been calculated that the complete statue was about 13 m (43 feet) tall, perhaps one of the cult statues of the nearby Temple of Venus and Rome

37 “Crater with the myth of Lycurgus” about 40/30 BC found in 1863 in the Villa of Livia at Prima Porta
It represents the aggression of Lycurgus to the Maenads. Lycurgus, king of Thrace, was the enemy of Dionysus, destroyed the vine and persecuted the Maenads. Dionysus punished him by depriving him of his sight

56 “Drunken Satyr” first century AD from a Hellenistic original of the school of Pergamum, in Egyptian stone, called grovacca (greywacke), quarried in Uadi Hammamat

67 “Boy with a dog in his arms” from a late Hellenistic type
It had been completed with a not relevant ancient head which has been removed with the dog. It represent Hermes as a child

68 “Seated statuette of a satyr” mid-first century AD with additions and restorations in the modern era when the face was smoothed out

70 “Relief of Horus” first half of the first century AD with the Egyptian god depicted as a hawk with on his head the double crown of Lower and Upper Egypt respectively in the shape of a tiara and modioi

“Sarcophagus with child” about 275 AD

“Two candlesticks from Otricoli” second century AD including the No. 39 with a representation of the myth of Marsyas

Section II


2 “Meridian” found in 1858 in Ostia
The dial is divided into twelve vertical segments in turn divided into three horizontal bands: the first corresponded to the hours, the second to the winter solstice, equinox and summer solstice

19 and 75 “Modern Bases” by Francesco Antonio Franzoni (1734/1818) for two statues of the muses now in the Hall of the Muses

9 “Pan extracting a thorn from the foot of a satyr” from a Hellenistic original of the second century BC
It was in Villa Mattei and it was purchased in 1770 by the Vatican Museums. It was restored and in part completed in 1819 by Michele Ilari
The subject, typical of the Hellenistic period, was often used for decorating gardens

68 “Artemis the huntress” with ancient head not relevant, maybe from a bronze original of the fourth or third century BC

70 Elegant “Cup with square basin” made in mid-1800 the reworking the yellow marble from Sabina formerly used for an ancient column

72 “Sarcophagus with scenes from the myth of Protesilaus” about 160/170 AD from the second mile of the Appian Way
Protesilaus was the first to set foot on the beach of Troy and the first to die
His wife, Laodamia was given permission by the gods to see him again for a short time but then she killed herself to follow her husband in Hades, evoked here with three mythical damned: Sisyphus with the boulder on his back, Ixion chained to the wheel and Tantalus next to source from which he could not drink

22 “Ephesian Artemis” second century AD from the so-called Greek Theatre of Hadrian's Villa from the original, maybe of the second half of the fourth century BC
It was restored by Giovanni Volpato and purchased by the Vatican Museums in 1781. In this version Diana was called Lady of the Animals symbol of the fruitful nature and abundance
According to Filippo Coarelli, the alleged breasts, that actually show no nipples, are in reality the scrotums of bulls, symbols of fertility

28 “Sarcophagus with scenes from the myth of Orestes” about 160 AD formerly kept in S. Maria in Aracoeli, then in the Palazzo Barberini, and eventually purchased by the Vatican Museums in 1772
Orestes kills his mother Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus to avenge the murder of his father Agamemnon. Pursued by the Furies for what he had done he goes to the Temple of Apollo at Delphi to purify himself

40 “Modern basin supported by three Sileni” with two Sileni found in 1789 in the Villa dei Quintili and the third made in 1790 by Ferdinando Lisandroni who also assembled the group

83 “Ganymede and the eagle” used as a table leg, second century AD copy from the original by Leochares of mid-fourth century BC

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