Saturday, November 7, 2020


Altitude 3 m (10 feet). About 40,000 inhabitants

The oldest seaside resort of the Lazio region with the port of 18,500 m² (4.5 acres), with more than 1,000 m (3,300 feet) of docks

It was inhabited since the Iron Age

It developed as a Volscian fortified town with the name of Antium

It became a Roman colony in 338 BC. It was a favorite holiday resort spot for many Romans, including Cicero and Nero

Here was the Temple of Fortuna Anziate that rivaled the Temple of Fortune Prenestina

From the sixth century the decline begun and eventually it was completely depopulated

It flourished again in 1698 thanks to the new port built for Innocent XII Pignatelli (1691/1700) with many technical difficulties

It developed in the late nineteenth century after the railway connection with Rome was built

During the Second World War the landing of the Americans took place at Anzio on 22 January 1944, followed by the bridgehead for four months

Nero's Villa

Terraces, cryptoporticos and a semicircular terrace

Restored by Hadrian (117/138)

Here were found: "Apollo Belvedere" copy from the original by Leochares now in the Vatican Museums, the "Borghese Gladiator" now in the Louvre in Paris, and the "Maiden of Anzio" now at the National Archaeological Museum of Palazzo Massimo in Rome

In the area there is the PROMONTORIO DELL’ARCO MUTO (Promontory of the Dumb Arch) where maybe the Temple of Fortuna Anziate used to stand

Villa Adele

Beginning of the seventeenth cdentury for Monsignor Bartolomeo Cesi

Later it belonged to the Pamphilj and Borghese families

It is now owned by the municipality that established here, among other things, the MUSEO CIVICO ARCHEOLOGICO (Municipal Archaeological Museum), the MUSEO DELLO SBARCO (Museum of the Landing of Anzio) and the Town Library

Villa Albani

About 1726 maybe by Alessandro Specchi (1668/1729) for Cardinal Alessandro Albani

It was bought in 1852 by Pius IX Mastai-Ferretti (1846/78)

Since 1870 the Italian government began here a major humanitarian initiative to help poor, scrofulous and rickety children with the Opera degli Ospizi Marini (Institution of the Sea Hospice)

Now there is a central for analysis of ASL, the National Health Agency

Paradiso sul Mare

Paradise on the Sea

1919/24 Cesare Bazzani (1873/1939) for Giuseppe Polli and for the leisure of the rich visitors to the city

It is a jewel of Art Nouveau style, known as Liberty style in Italian

It is now owned by the municipality and it is used as a school for tourism

Here were shot the movie "Amarcord" by Federico Fellini and the very popular Italian movie "Polvere di Stelle" with Alberto Sordi and Monica Vitti

Villa Borghese

1660 for the Card. Costaguti with Italian garden, the garden of orange trees and forest

It is surrounded by the Regional Nature Reserve Villa Borghese in Nettuno

English Cemetery

Here rest in peace 1,056 soldiers fallen during the Second World War of which 1,053 British, one Canadian, one New Zealander and one South African

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