Monday, November 16, 2020


Etruscan rival of Rome for a long time and conquered in 396 BC by Camillus

Julius Caesar declared it a colony, it was declared municipium by Augustus (27 BC/14 AD) and abandoned after Hadrian

It was extended for about 190 hectares (470 acres)


Dating back to the fifth century BC, built in square work technique (opus quadratum) in tuff blocks (size 80 x 50 x 50 cm)

At the base the walls were more than 2 m (6.5 feet) thick and tapering upwards, reaching a height of 5/8 m (16.4 / 26.2 feet)

The perimeter of the fortification, with at least ten gates, exceeded 8 km (5 miles) and some sections of the walls are still visible

Archaeological site

Stretch of paved Roman road above traces of an Etruscan road

CASCATA DELLA MOLA (Waterfall of the Grindstone) with medieval mill nearby

On the right SACRED POOL beyond which there are the foundations of the TEMPLE built in 500 BC (demolished in the fourth century BC) conventionally known as Temple of Apollo, but in fact dedicated to MENERVE (the Roman Minerva), the most notable example of Tuscan temple known

Square layout of 18,5 m (61 feet) per side. Maybe there were three cellas inside


10,000 m² (2.5 acres) probably a public complex, maybe a place of worship and area for bathing provided with a cistern, nympheaum and rooms typical of baths facilities

Outside of the fenced archaeological area

TOMB OF DUCKS (seventh century BC)


TOMB OF THE ROARING LIONS, discovered in 2006, with paintings of water birds and roaring lions

Also, 2 km away there is the ACROPOLIS with traces of walls and urban planning

Remains of a temple building believed to be the TEMPLE OF JUNO QUEEN

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